"Hell Triangle"—Christian Views of Final Punishment

Rethinking Hell’s classic “Hell Triangle” chart has been revised and updated, and made available in a variety of formats, for printing and including in blogs and presentations.



You may freely use the images below under the Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives license. This means that you can use the diagram in any way, so long as appropriate attribution is included, and so long as you don’t change the image or use it to make your own version.

We’ve made it easy by including attribution in the images themselves. All you need to do is start using them! However, if your context allows for a link back to http://www.rethinkinghell.com/helltriangle it would be greatly appreciated. Also, if you want to publish the chart online (for example, in a blog post), please upload the images to your own site (i.e. do not link directly to images on our site).

Print Formats

8.5 x 11″ flyer: Black | White | Black Cropped | White Cropped

A3: Black | White

A4: Black PDF | White PDF | Black | White | Black Cropped | White Cropped

US Letter: Black PDF | White PDF | Black | White | Black Cropped | White Cropped

Screen Formats

Square:  Black 590px, 640px, 800px, 1024px | White 590px, 640px, 800px, 1024px

Portfolio:  Black 590px640px800px1024px | White 590px640px800px1024px

Landscape Black:

[16:9] 1280 x 720px | 1920 x 1080px | 2560 x 1440px | 3840 x 2160px

[16:10] 1280×800px | 1920×1200px | 2560×1600px

Landscape White:

[16:9] 1280 x 720px | 1920 x 1080px | 2560 x 1440px | 3840 x 2160px

[16:10] 1280×800px | 1920×1200px | 2560×1600px


Black 1920 x 1080px: PowerPoint File (All Slides) | Full View | Zoom: Traditionalism | Zoom: Conditionalism | Zoom: Universalism | Zoom: Middle | Talking Points


The diagram features the three main views on final punishment:

  • Traditionalism ~ Everyone lives forever. The unsaved suffer everlasting conscious torment.
  • Universalism ~ Everyone lives forever. The unsaved are refined and ultimately saved.
  • Conditionalism ~ The saved are raised in immortal glory to live forever. The unsaved are raised in mortal shame to be finally destroyed. This may include temporary suffering.

In addition to these three main views, four variant views are noted on the chart, along with Catholic Purgatory (which is for believers) and the view of the Eastern Orthodox tradition. Finally, Apokatastasis (Acts 3:21) is for the consideration of all views. Once Christ returns and all things in creation are redeemed, the question is whether all remaining evil will ultimately be converted, restrained or destroyed.

  • Separationism ~ Unsaved sinners by choice are forever excluded from God’s presence.
  • Dehumanization ~ The unsaved progressively degenerate into a state of permanent bestial nature.
  • Reconciliationism ~ The unsaved cease to sin, but are forever denied the blessings of God’s presence.
  • Partial Conditionalism ~ Unsaved human beings are destroyed, while Satan and demonic beings are tormented forever.
  • Apokatastasis ~ Restoration/redemption of all things, in relation to the ultimate fate of evil. An important consideration for all.
  • Catholic Purgatory ~ A place of refining preparation for Heaven, for those not going to Hell.
  • Orthodox Church ~ A permanent subjective experience of God’s presence (positive or negative).

Some versions of the chart contain icons for some major talking points on this subject: Life, Death, Creation, Redemption, Justice and Scripture. We hope that these will help to stimulate discussion and study, which is the goal of the overall chart.




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